To study the efficacy of virtual teaching over the didactic (traditional) teaching method in first year MBBS students

Vinita H.Belsare, Sarika C.Munghate, Rajesh Jambhulkar

Abstract


Old traditional methods of didactic lectures is one way method whereas virtual lectures is a newer method for online learning and web based learning. We compared the effectiveness and satisfaction of traditional lecture with virtual lecture. 1st  year MBBS students were divided in two groups by systematic random sampling, control group was exposed to traditional lectures and study group was exposed to virtual lectures. Both the methods were assessed by MCQ pre and post-test. Students satisfaction survey was done by questionnaire based on  Likert’s scale. We found the students were more satisfied by the traditional lectures as assessed by Likert’s scale and there was no statistically significant difference in the assessment of knowledge. The virtual lecture by the teacher was not inferior to didactic lecture by the teacher. Traditional lectures give better understanding to topic as queries are solved during the lecture. Virtual lectures as scenarios of innovation leads us to recognize that these are means and not purposes for the learning of different contents linked to the course plans; that is, they are mediating tools.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Hosseini SV, Aghbali A, Emamverdizadeh P, Hasani A, Razbani M. Using E-learning in Teaching the Quality of the Practical Oral Pa- thology on Dentistry Students. Res Dev Med Educ. 2014;3(1):61-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.5681/ rdme.2014.013

Ariana A, Amin M, Pakneshan S, Dolan-Evans E, Lam A. Integration of Traditional and E-Learn- ing Methods to Improve Learning Outcomes for Dental Students in Histopathology. J Dent Educ. 2016;80(9):1140-8. PMID:27587581

Ruiz JG, Mintzer MJ, Leipzig RM. The impact of E-learning in medical educa- tion. Acad Med. 2006;81(3):207-12. https:// doi.org/10.1097/00001888-200603000-00002 PMID:16501260

Wojtczak, A. Glossary of Medical Education Terms. In MedEdWorld Glossary. (2003).

Brown, G., & Edmunds S. Lectures. In, J. A. Dent & R. M. Harden, (Eds.), A Practical Guide for Medical Teachers (4th ed., pp. 61-68). London: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier. (2013).

Hafeez, K., Khan, M. L. Z., Jawaid, M., &Haroon, S. Low attendance in lectures at medical colleges of Karachi – A cross sectional survey. Journal of Postgraduate Medical Institute, 28 (2), 161- 164, (2014).

Sumera, A. Large group teaching, an effective and efficient teaching methodology. Journal of Asian Scientific Research, 4 (1), 1-5, (2014).

Held, S., &McKimm, J. Improve your lecturing. British Journal of Hospital Medicine, 70 (8), 466- 469, (2009).

Iqbal, I. Scenario based interactive lectures. Nishtar Medical Journal, 1 (2), 19-23, (2009).

Torre, D. M, Daley, B. J, Sebastian, J. M. & Elnicki, D. M. Overview of current learning theories for medical educators. American Journal of Medicine, 119 (10), 903- 907, (2006).

Zolfaghari M, Mehrdad N, Parsa Yekta Z, Salmani Barugh N, Bahrani N. The effect of lecture and e- learning methods on learning mother and child health course in nursing students. Iranian Journal of Medical Education. 2007;7(1):31–9. Persian.

2. Hergenhahn BR, Olson HO. An introduction to theories of learning. 6th ed. New Jersey: Pearson; 1996.

Chhetri S.E- learning in neurology education: principles, opportunities and challenges in combating neurophobia.J Clin Neurosci. 2o17;44:80-3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Wang, A. Y. & Newlin, M. H. (2012). Online Lectures: Benefits for the Virtual Classroom. T.H.E. Journal. Accessed 16.07.2012

WCET:Western Cooperative for Educational Telecommunications, (2004). Distance education: A consumer's guide < http://wcet.wiche.edu> Accessed 16.07.2012

Roberts & Styron Jr. (2010). Student satisfaction and persistence: factors vital to student retention. Research in Higher Education Journal. http://www.aabri.com/manuscripts/09321.pdf.

Lo, C.C.(2010). How student satisfaction factors affect perceived learning. Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, Vol. 10, No. 1, January 2010, pp. 47 – 54.

Khatony A,Dehghan Nayery N, Ahmadi F, Haghani H, Vehvilainen-Julkunen K. The ef- fectiveness of web-based and face-to-face continuing education methods on nurses' knowledge about AIDS: a comparative

study.. https://doi

Makhdoom N, Khoshhal K, Algaidi S, Heis- sam K, ZolalyMA. Blended learning' as an ef- fective teaching and learning strategy in clinical medicine: a comparative cross-sectional university-based study. J Taibah Univ Med Sci. 2013;8(1):12-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. jtumed.2013.01.002

D. Vasundhara Devi1, M. Kiran Deedi2 teaching and learning methodology in medical education. An analysis -in GSL Medical college, Rajahmundry . J of Evolution of Med and Dent Sci/ eISSN- 2278-4802, pISSN- 2278-4748/ Vol. 4/ Issue 72/ Sept 07, 2015

Papanna KM, Kulkarni V, Tanvi D, Lakshmi V, Kriti L, Unnikrishnan B et al. Perceptions and preferences of medical students regarding teaching methods in a Medical College, Mangalore India. Afr Health Sci. 2013;13(3):808-13

Mohan L, Ravishankar P, Kamath A, Manish MS, Eesha BR. Students' Attitudes Towards The Use of Audio Visual Aids During Didactic Lectures In Pharmacology. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2010;4:3363-8.

5. Giri PA, Phalke DB. Views regarding use of audio- visual aids during didactic lectures in community medicine among first year medical students of Rural Medical College, Loni, Maharashtra. Nat J Res Comm Med. 2013;2(2):145-8.

Jarahi L, Najafi M.Evaluation of teaching through lecture with new methods of student-centered teaching in medical students.FMEJ 2013;3(4):6-9.

Zolfaghari M, Mehrdad N, Parsa Yekta Z, Salmani Barugh N, Bahrani N. The effect of lecture and e-learning methods on learning mother and child health course in nursing students. Iranian journal of medical education 2007; 7(1): 31-9. [Persian].

Makhdoom N, Khoshhal K, Algaidi S, Heis- sam K, ZolalyMA. Blended learning' as an ef- fective teaching and learning strategy in clini- cal medicine: a comparative cross-sectional university-based study. J Taibah Univ Med Sci. 2013;8(1):12-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. jtumed.2013.01.002

Alireza Abdollahi,1,2,* Samaneh Salarvand,1 and Hiva Saffar3 Comparing the Efficacy of Virtual and Conventional Methods in Teaching Practical Pathology to Medical Students Iran J Pathol. 2018 Spring; 13(2): 108–112. Published online 2018 Jul 17.

Moazami F, Bahrampour E, Azar MR, Jahedi F, Moattari M. Comparing two methods of education (virtual versus traditional) on learning of Iranian dental students: a post-test only design study. BMC Med Educ. 2014;14:45. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [Google Scholar


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.